tandfonline.com Taylor & Francis Online

Mobile Usability



Mobile Speed



Last tested: 2017-08-27

tandfonline.com Mobile Usability: 98/100
tandfonline.com Mobile Usability Test Quick Overview

Size tap targets appropriately

Some of the links/buttons on your webpage may be too small for a user to easily tap on a touchscreen. Consider making these tap targets larger to provide a better user experience.
The following tap targets are close to other nearby tap targets and may need additional spacing around them.
The tap target <div id="informa-title" class="title"></div> is close to 1 other tap targets.
The tap target <div id="informa-title" class="title"></div> is close to 1 other tap targets.
The tap target <a href="/topic/4264?target=topic">Geography</a> is close to 1 other tap targets.
The tap target <a href="/author/Song%2C+Yan" class="entryAuthor search-link">Yan Song</a> and 10 others are close to other tap targets.
The tap target <a href="/privacy-policy">Privacy policy &amp; cookies</a> and 2 others are close to other tap targets.
The tap target <a href="#" class="btn">Accept</a> is close to 2 other tap targets.
tandfonline.com Mobile Speed: 42/100
tandfonline.com Mobile Speed Test Quick Overview

Eliminate render-blocking JavaScript and CSS in above-the-fold content

Your page has 2 blocking script resources and 2 blocking CSS resources. This causes a delay in rendering your page.
Optimize CSS Delivery of the following:
Enable compression

Compressing resources with gzip or deflate can reduce the number of bytes sent over the network.
Enable compression for the following resources to reduce their transfer size by 423.9KiB (83% reduction).
Compressing http://tandfonline.com/pb/css/t1493810813243-v1487…000/head_4_698_700.css could save 351.1KiB (85% reduction).
Compressing https://d1bxh8uas1mnw7.cloudfront.net/assets/altme…c54ed2cf76e03255a18.js could save 58.5KiB (69% reduction).
Compressing https://d1bxh8uas1mnw7.cloudfront.net/assets/embed…4898bbf8ae8a680350.css could save 12KiB (87% reduction).
Compressing https://crossmark-cdn.crossref.org/widget/v2.0/style.css could save 2.3KiB (77% reduction).
Optimize images

Properly formatting and compressing images can save many bytes of data.
Optimize the following images to reduce their size by 350.7KiB (65% reduction).
Compressing http://tandfonline.com/pb-assets/Global/homeBanner/03-2017/Homepage1V1.jpg could save 121.1KiB (57% reduction).
Compressing http://tandfonline.com/pb-assets/Homepage/openaccess.jpg could save 42.4KiB (75% reduction).
Compressing https://badges.altmetric.com/?size=128&score=4&types=tttttttf could save 39.7KiB (73% reduction).
Compressing https://badges.altmetric.com/?size=128&score=253&types=mmbtttfg could save 33.7KiB (68% reduction).
Compressing http://tandfonline.com/pb-assets/Global/homeBanner…tory-behind-Mar-17.jpg could save 29.2KiB (74% reduction).
Compressing https://badges.altmetric.com/?size=128&score=101&types=mmmmmttt could save 27.5KiB (68% reduction).
Compressing https://badges.altmetric.com/?size=128&score=317&types=mmmmmmbt could save 23.8KiB (65% reduction).
Compressing http://tandfonline.com/pb-assets/Homepage/topsecret.jpg could save 14.9KiB (73% reduction).
Compressing https://d1uo4w7k31k5mn.cloudfront.net/donut/0.png could save 10.5KiB (78% reduction).
Compressing https://badges.altmetric.com/?size=64&score=?&types=????????&style=donut could save 4.7KiB (59% reduction).
Compressing http://tandfonline.com/pb-assets/Global/Group-logo-white-on-transparent.png could save 2.3KiB (21% reduction).
Compressing http://tandfonline.com/templates/jsp/_style2/_tandf/pb2/images/oa.png could save 875B (65% reduction).
Prioritize visible content

Your page requires additional network round trips to render the above-the-fold content. For best performance, reduce the amount of HTML needed to render above-the-fold content.
The entire HTML response was not sufficient to render the above-the-fold content. This usually indicates that additional resources, loaded after HTML parsing, were required to render above-the-fold content. Prioritize visible content that is needed for rendering above-the-fold by including it directly in the HTML response.
Only about 49% of the final above-the-fold content could be rendered with the full HTML response.
Minify CSS

Compacting CSS code can save many bytes of data and speed up download and parse times.
Minify CSS for the following resources to reduce their size by 78.1KiB (19% reduction).
Minifying http://tandfonline.com/pb/css/t1493810813243-v1487…000/head_4_698_700.css could save 77.6KiB (19% reduction).
Minifying https://crossmark-cdn.crossref.org/widget/v2.0/style.css could save 533B (18% reduction).
Leverage browser caching

Setting an expiry date or a maximum age in the HTTP headers for static resources instructs the browser to load previously downloaded resources from local disk rather than over the network.
Leverage browser caching for the following cacheable resources:
http://tandfonline.com/templates/jsp/_style2/_tandf/pb2/images/oa.png (expiration not specified)
http://tandfonline.com/templates/jsp/css/jquery-ui…t_75_ffffff_40x100.png (expiration not specified)
https://crossmark-cdn.crossref.org/widget/v2.0/style.css (expiration not specified)
https://d1bxh8uas1mnw7.cloudfront.net/assets/embed.js (expiration not specified)
https://d1uo4w7k31k5mn.cloudfront.net/donut/0.png (expiration not specified)
http://www.googletagservices.com/tag/js/gpt.js (15 minutes)
https://api.altmetric.com/v1/doi/10.1080/09540121.…51ba1&cache_until=18-8 (60 minutes)
https://api.altmetric.com/v1/doi/10.1080/09613218.…51ba1&cache_until=18-8 (60 minutes)
https://api.altmetric.com/v1/doi/10.1080/09613218.…51ba1&cache_until=18-8 (60 minutes)
https://api.altmetric.com/v1/doi/10.1080/14759551.…51ba1&cache_until=18-8 (60 minutes)
http://www.google-analytics.com/ga.js (2 hours)
Minify HTML

Compacting HTML code, including any inline JavaScript and CSS contained in it, can save many bytes of data and speed up download and parse times.
Minify HTML for the following resources to reduce their size by 1.5KiB (18% reduction).
Minifying http://tandfonline.com/ could save 1.5KiB (18% reduction) after compression.

tandfonline.com Mobile Resources

Total Resources58
Number of Hosts18
Static Resources25
JavaScript Resources16
CSS Resources5

tandfonline.com Mobile Resource Breakdown